The high heel and over the knee boots seem to be back in fashion. But it is very unlikely that you will see a man using them, that is, unless you go to the new Broadway musical, Kinky Boots.
Ironically, three hundred years ago it would be equally scandalous to see a woman in high-heeled boots. Unless you were a Russian empress, who had nothing to lose after she had taken a coup against her husband, she deposed him and (most likely) killed him.
High heeled boots were certainly part of men's clothing. In fact, he was the most masculine and martial of the men who used them.
However, high-heeled boots were a relatively new trend in early modern Europe ("early modern" refers roughly to the 17th and 18th centuries). During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, well-dressed men wore low-heeled shoes and boots (although they sometimes compensated for this deficiency by wearing extravagantly long shoes, called poulaines).
What's worse, they even made armored boots with long, pointed fingers. Now there are all kinds of problems when wearing long, pointed and careless shoes when riding.
And, if you want to go anywhere with this armor, which probably doubles the weight of the child you protected (especially when you add a sword and a shield), you must ride.
The Design Of Shoes
To understand why these men’s high heel shoes, have a poor design, consider the beautiful functionality of a cowboy boot, the result of 1500 years of cumulative cultural evolution.
The starting point of this evolution was the invention of the stirrup, probably by the Mongol nomads called Xianbei around 300 AD. This was such a useful invention that in the sixth century it spread through Eurasia, from Japan to Europe.
By providing unprecedented stability to the rider, the stirrup made heavy cavalry (really any type of cavalry) much more effective. Some historians have even claimed that the stirrup originated feudalism in medieval Europe and something very similar in Japan (take it with a grain of salt).
The problem with the stirrup is that when he falls from the horse (and if he rides a lot on horseback, especially in the chaotic conditions of war, he will inevitably do so from time to time), there is a danger that his foot will get caught in the stirrup. Countless riders were dragged to death in the panic of the horses.
Stability for heels
And this is where a properly designed support / boot combination comes into play. An iron stirrup with an opening large enough for the boot allows you to start when it falls.
A high heel, on the other hand, provides stability by preventing the foot from sliding through the stirrup. It helps to have a very smooth and slippery sole to facilitate the removal of the foot in case of an accident. High heels and slippery soles make walking quite uncomfortable (I would not recommend wearing real cowboy boots during the New England winter!). But to drive is correct.
The interesting thing is that it took Europeans a long time to understand the usefulness of high heels. In fact, according to a recent BBC article, Europeans never understood this for themselves: this invention came to Europe from Iran. The fashion of high heels has reached the top.
In modern Europe, high-heeled shoes also played an important role in distinguishing the nobility of peasants. Then came the era of revolutions (from the French Revolution of 1789 to the Paris Commune of 1870), which introduced a new era that emphasized equality and clouded class lines.
At the same time, the horses gradually lost their function as a means of land transport, being replaced by railroads and cars. And so, high heels have lost their functionality and have become a fad.